Piles are swollen veins and muscle around the anus or in the anus canal. They are also known as hemorrhoids.

Your anus canal is short, also it is muscular and covered with blood vessels. These blood vessels are connecting your rectum with your anus. Piles are result of swollen anus.

Also this can be result of straining on the toilet. In some cases, piles can be painful. Also they can bleed if they become damaged.

Symptoms of piles

In some cases, hemorrhoids are not serious. They go away on their own after a few days. Person who has piles can have these symptoms:

  • Pain while defecating
  • The area around the anus is red
  • The area around the anus is sore
  • Itchy skin around your anus
  • Mucus discharge when emptying the bowels
  • After a bowel moment you have red color
  • After you have been in toilet, you still have feeling that the bowels are still full
  • A hard lump may be left around the anus. This situation is called a thrombosed (external hemorrhoid) which consists of blood. This can be very painful.

Internal hemorrhoids: There are four grades for internal hemorrhoids:

  1. The first one is grade 1-It means that these are small inflammations. They are not visible because they are inside the lining of anus
  2. The second one is grade 2-It means this grade is larger than grade 1. But also like grade 1, grade 2 it is inside the anus. When you pass a stool, the might can be pushed out, but then they will return inside automatically.
  3. The third one is grade 2-It means that this kind of pile is more serious than both previous. They are called prolapsed hemorrhoids. They appear outside the anus. Patients can feel them hanging out. Patient can put them back in with their fingers.
  4. The fourth one is grade-4.This is the most serious case of hemorrhoid. This cannot be pushed back in and it needs medical treatment. Because the grade 4 piles are large, they stay all the time outside the anus.

Read the full article: https://hemocyl.com/2018/02/20/what-are-hemorrhoids/